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  CSPAN    Washington Journal    News/Business. Live morning call-in program with  
   government officials, political leaders, and journalists.  

    March 15, 2013
    7:00 - 9:00am EDT  

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mental health services administration. and dr. ritchie, chief medical officer for the department of mental health in washington, d.c. host: good morning. an early start for the house. congress will gavel in at 9:00 eastern. at midday, they will vote. the senate is out for the week. much of the focus is the cpac conference commitee of the session that continues this morning. a long list of speakers including the chair but house budget committee congressman paul ryan. senator mitch mcconnell. donald trump. mitt romney midday. tonight, remarks by potential 2016 presidential candidate, former governor jeb bush. the president travels to illinois today to talk about energy development. yesterday concluded three days
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of visits to capitol hill as he wrapped up meetings with all four party caucuses. for the first time in four years, senate democrats have come up with a budget outline. some of the stories we will talk about on this friday morning, march 15. our phone lines are open. you can also join us on our facebook page. you have been weighing in already. you can contact us on facebook or send us a tweet. a story from the hill newspaper focusing on the senate and its budget panel approved in the first senate blueprint in four years. the store is available online. here are the details.
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there's this editorial from the wall street journal, replacing max baucus, a look at some of the key moderate senate democrats on the budget issue. senate democrats have released their first budget in four years.
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that editorial this morning from the wall street journal. from the new york daily news, crossfire on another issue that we focused on yesterday, the debate over guns and gun violence. this is the exchange that took place yesterday between two members of the senate judiciary committee, dianne feinstein, whose plan would ban a certain number of assault weapons and magazine clips and senator ted cruz, he spoke to her about the constitution. here's part of the exchange yesterday from the senate judiciary committee. [video clip] >> which reconsider its constitutional for congress to specify that the first amendment shall apply only to the following books and shall not apply to the books that congress has been outside the protection of the bill of rights, likewise with she-pac before amendment protection against search and seizure could properly applied only to the following specified individuals and not to the
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individuals that congress has been outside the protection of the bill of rights? >> you have a question, senator? >> let me make a couple of points in response. i am not a sixth grader. senator, i have been on this committee and 20 years. i was a mayor for nine years. i walked in and some people shot. i've looked at bodies that have been shot with these weapons. i have seen the bullets that imposed. in sandy hook, youngsters were dismembered. there are other weapons. i am not a lawyer. but after 20 years i've been up close and personal to the constitution. i have great respect for it. this does not mean that the weapons of war and the heller decision clearly points out three exceptions, two of which are pertinent here. it's fine if you want to lecture me on the constitution. i appreciate it. just know that i've been here
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long time. i have passed on a number of bills and i've studied the constitution myself. i'm reasonably well educated. thank you for the lecture. host: according to the new "new york times and the washington post, senator feinstein apologize to senator ted cruz about her remarks. the exchange is getting a lot of attention. a writer for the new york times says even if the senate passes some of the modest measures next month, they will face a steep climb in the house. that's from an interview that he conducted yesterday with the new york times. all eyes on the senate and harry reid. that's the story this morning from roll call. with the senate judiciary
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committee now completing its work on a for your gun meters, the majority leader must now determine his strategy for how the chamber will move forward to in response to last year's school shooting. every week yesterday told reporters that he conferred with the chairman of the senate judiciary committee and he said "the and i will sit down to find out what has been reported out of the committee and what we need to do to put together as a base bill to start legislating on the senate floor." details available on roll call. callsl take your phone and you can share your thoughts on our facebook page and you can send us a tweet. bill is joining us from rhode island, independent line. good morning. are you with us? george in florida, republican, good morning. i don't think any campaign should be budgeted.
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the country, a good majority have already chosen to vote for a welfare check. the democrats and socialists have bought these people's votes. romney had to get past that majority of people before the election was even equal. if someone will be sent an entitlement -- and i am a taxpayer -- and this is a strain, then they are going to donate that to my opposing party. its double jeopardy for me. i would say let's cpap do what this non- cut off constitutional form of government in this country. -- cpac.
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host: now to lisa from chicago, a democrat. the president is traveling to illinois today to talk about energy issues. good morning. caller: good morning. i watched the meeting yesterday with ted cruz. it was just amazing how dishonest this man was and how being a lawyer himself, how we misinterpreted the second amendment. i don't know who he was playing through, but he was in a roomful of lawyers themselves. who do you think you are talking to? he left even before the meeting was over. a lot of what he said was proven wrong by the others. i could not believe how he twistings and blatantly lied and even said this is going to prohibit people from having guns. it was just amazing. peopleike, who are the
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that elect these knuckleheads? orregard to taxing the rich cutting out loopholes, everybody in this country gets some form of entitlement in one shape or form. i don't understand why because i get a paycheck and somebody else makes their money through investments or a different way, why i am taxed more. if you earn money, you get taxed on it the same as everybody else. i do not agree with that at all. and i don't understand why we have to give tax subsidies to corporations that do not need it. why on earth does the oil company need our money? why does the agriculture business need our money? you are making enough money. cut out the tax loopholes and we can get out of this mess. host: we are covering the cpac conference and there are a number of ways you can watch and
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listen. depending on what the house yesterday, we will be live with the house this morning, once the house recesses, the cpac coverage can be seen on this network. you can also listen on c-span radio and wanted anytime on our website, c-span.org. also be a location to what some of the conferences that get underway this morning. some other comments from facebook -- one other thought from peter, who says that cpac is a bunch of clowns. john is joining us from pennsylvania, independent line. welcome to the program. caller: thank you, steve peery
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steve.nk you, what is the question? host: there's no question. we are talking about the budget and about cpap. -- cpac. whatever you want to talk about. caller: the budget that the senate is trying to get through, there's enough evidence about austerity, which seems to be the whipping horse or whatever, that it does not work. it's not working. unemployment is europe is up around 25% in some places now. the people are protesting out in the streets. austerity does not work. keynesian talk about economics all they want, but it works. it has been proven to work. why the quite sure
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republicans, where they are coming from in trying to push this. we have not had a balanced budget for probably 150 years. but that is a little out of control, but it's coming down. or the deficit is coming down. agree with joe biden, get out of the way and at let the reasonable democrats and reasonable republicans get together and pass something. it's not working the way they're doing it now. host: thanks for the call. from "politico," senator joe manchin is key to the gun control talks. the story points out that he could be president obama's best joke for a bipartisan and packaged this year.
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there is this from blumberg's business week -- carol is joining us from riverside, california, democrat. caller: good morning. i remember a few years ago catching cpac and one of the republicans said they accomplished one of their goals getting rid of keith olbermann off of tv. i thought that was weird. getting to the point, the way i see it is as long as all these big interests are going to have all the money, like 33% of the money and the
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havele on the bottom, 60% - 3% of the money. , long as that is going on they're going to stick to that, nobody is going to get anywhere. it is either going to take all the people in america coming together against them or it will only get worse, like the bible prophecy end of days. god bless all the hard working people who deserve better than this. host: thank you. the front page of the washington times this morning -- a photograph of senator rand paul among the speakers here today at the conference. in the hill newspaper there is
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this headline -- we will be covering that event. yesterday asac well. among those speaking, the governor of texas, rick perry. [video clip] is thatopular media this country has shifted away from conservative ideals, as evidenced by the last two presidential elections. that is what they think. that is what they say.
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that might be true if republicans had actually nominated conservative in 2008 andin a 12,00 -- 2012. now we are told our party must shift appeal to the growing hispanic demographic. let me say something about what appeals to hispanics in states like texas. agendahe free enterprise that allows small businesses to prosper, free of government interference. it is the policy that value the family unit as the best and closest form of government. it is the belief in life and faith in god. host: governor rick perry yesterday. and the story this morning from washington post --
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the other two speakers here today, senator rainfall -- rand paul and senator marco rubio. all those events at our website, c-span.org. mike is joining us from odessa, texas. caller: good morning. thatone of the knucklehead elected ted cruz. i believe he stands for the republican party. the republican party is bending over backwards for the democrats. the democrats are not swaying. i agree with governor perry implicitly that in texas we need the right to protect ourselves. some people don't get it.
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obama has broken the law and .umerous times congress should bring him to committee to find out why he is allowed not to do the budget. and to release budget those are the questions i have. host: robert is joining us from colorado, independent line. we are talking about cpac, the senate democrats' budget, and politics in general in the nation's capital. caller: good morning. i would like to point out that so many automatic weapons between rifles and pistols is actually no different. we just band of 30-round trip but -- clip in colorado. what will happen next time if somebody brings in four pistols or six pistols with 15 rounds each in them? clip reloading.
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i just pull them out of my person and fire 15 rounds, than 15 rounds, then 15 rounds. i have my 90 rounds off. are they going to ban pistols? i would like to know. att: later in the program 8:15 eastern time we will take a look at america by the numbers and examine the issue of mental health issues among young people we are also getting your comments on our twitter page. tell us what you think. if you are impacted directly or indirectly or if you are mental health counselor, we want to hear from you. that's in the next hour and. a two our washington journal because the house is in early today. the president travels next week to the middle east, his first visit as president to israel. the story this morning from "usa
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today" -- an the hill newspaper has a preview of the president's trips.
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he will also deliver remarks at a memorial paying tribute to the holocaust victims. we will cover some of the key events of the president's trip next week. he's back at the white house next sunday. right now the vice president will be out of town on tuesday. people travel to rome for the ceremony officially it inducting pope francis at the vatican. from north carolina, a democrat, i have a comment and then a statement. i think the only way we can move forward is putting god first. we have gotten away from a lot of things in society. rich, poor, and middle-class
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alike. economy isar as the concerned, we are to come together and make it grow. people have been coming out of prison who have been locked up for years and have no sense of direction for what they will do when they get out, just because jobs require certain backgrounds. the money that we pay the why don't we use that to provide a job where everybody gets an opportunity to get off welfare and food stamps? a program should be put in place for those on financial assistance from the government to do some type of work, to earn what they get. those incentives that are being given could be used to develop the economy. thank you, c-span. host: on twitter --
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al writes about cpac. that the editorial this morning on cpac from al cardenas as cpac joins its 40th year.
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travis is on the republican line. caller: there should be a progressive tax on revenue. and i would like to see campaign funds taxed. on the second amendment, it's as we shall not have any infringement [indiscernible]. take care. host: this remark from liz smith -- "usa today" has a story getting attention this friday morning, the announcement yesterday from ohio senator portman becoming the only sitting republican senator to support gay
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marriage. he also sat down with cnn and that interview is available on cnn's web site. brad from nevada, independent line. caller: good morning. seems like we are going around and around and around. i watched a lot of these committees that they are trying to put together so we can work
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together with the republicans and democrats, amendments. it just seems like we are not getting anywhere. i.is i, i, i watched a lot of it. this across the table with a blank face, the democrats. the republicans are doing all the talking, making sense. and there's no response back from the democrats. they just look dumbfounded. it is like we're not getting anywhere. no amendments. ,hen they take all the votes democrats get the republicans by two votes and they toss out the amendments. the republicans are making so
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much sense on everything. my dad is a world war ii veteran and flew missions over germany. he sees all of this. he is a very frustrated -- just frustrated, which i am, too, because i see we will be passing our debts on to our children. host: the debt is in excess of 16.5 trillion, from the wall street journal this morning, two headlines --- two a photograph of senator marco rubio, among those speaking on day one of the colin hanna conference taking place outside d.c., in maryland at national
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harbor, across from the potomac river. the texas senator rand paul was among those speaking yesterday. senator.ky [video clip] >> the gop has grown stale and covered.vered -- moss [applause] i don't think we need to name any names. our party is encumbered by an inconsistent approach to freedom. the new gop will embrace liberty in the economics and the personal sphere. [cheers and applause] have are going to republican party that can win, liberty needs to be the backbone of the gop. was promised today,
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senator rand paul. we will continue our coverage of the conference today. donald trump, mitt romney, and mitch mcconnell of among those speaking. and the house republican leader eric cantor. the front page of the new york times looks at the death toll in syria as that country marks its second year of civil war. the death toll in excess of 70,000. from the washington post -- to and from "usa today" -- two more phone calls. valerie, a democrat from new hampshire.
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caller: how are you? i have listened to your caller is especially when it comes to social security. was 15.d working when i i did not retire until 67. so i did not get any medicare or anything like that until after i was 67. since i was 67. when i went to social security, is the last three years of work. if you worked four years but they only account the last three years to determine how much you are going to get. this year i am getting $18 less because of insurance.
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get everymuch do you month? month, i get $1,000 a that is it. $880 for my pension. but the pension insurance went up $45. bluecross blueshield. plus, they cut services. if i need a mammogram, they will only cover me two days. host: so what is your take about the debate in washington about the changed cpi, for social security recipients, short or long term? caller: i am not for it. host: thanks for the call. kerrey has this point. , last call is from ohio.
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christie is on the phone. good morning. let me ask you, the head by from usa today, rob portman announcing he supports gay marriage, in part because he supports his family situation. his son came to him and said that he was gay. what do you think of that? caller: i have a gay son. i think they should just let them do what they want and treat them like everyone else. right now, i do not blame the unions are helping the workers at all. they are out for themselves. political parties, democrats and republicans -- and the president -- it doesn't matter who is president. big business out there just wants to corner green energy and get their ducks in a row. i think the political parties
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are a red herring to keep the american public with their heads turned so that big business can go ahead and do what they want to people. right now, i am unemployed. i was just fired from my job in the retail sector and my union has not done anything to help me, they have not protected me against unfair disciplines. i have been set up. i am so upset about that, and now they are making me sign a summit today in order to get their earned vacation pay. i have earned it, i should already get it, but they are making me sign a settlement that i will not sue. this is a unionized grocery store. this is the food workers union. they are not helping me in the least and they are all for the employer. banks for comment. you can contact us during the course of the morning,
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journal@c-span.org. damian paletta will be next to discuss what the house is looking at and where the budget debate goes next. and american by the numbers. we will look at the issue of mental health and drug use by american teenagers and young people, what it means for family, society, mental health providers. all of that is coming up. it is friday morning, march 15. we are back in a moment. >> what dolley madison has offered us is a model for governments that stresses civility and empathy. dolley madison is modeling this for us, she is not going to win.
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but we live to those generation because we need examples, role models. ,er way of conducting politics building bridges and not bunkers, is a model that has bequeathed us and one that we can use for the future. now available on our with -- website c-span.org. 1860,s story started in when congress finally acted, after many decades of difficulty with private contractor printers, in an effort to relieve their woes of waste and abuse. they created an entity to do their printing for them. became therinter government printing office. >> this document from
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april 1974 is the famous transcript of the white house tapes from the nixon and administration then for the investigation of the watergate burglary. this document was brought over there relate in the day -- there may late in the day. the entire transcript had to be prepared for the press and printed overnight. went up to0 copies the white house very early the following morning and then the several thousand copies for the congress went somewhat later in the day. this, i think, is the origin of the phrase "expletive deleted." governmentory of the printing office.
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we want to welcome back to see spending in paletta, economic policy reporter for "the wall street journal." the house budget committee taking of its own budget plan this week. the senate budget committee, along party lines, approving a budget by a vote of 12-10. out line with the house put forth, what the senate put forth, and what is next. aret: these proposals mission statements from each party, not expected to get much support from either side. the house republican plan would balance the budget over 10 years essentially by cutting spending across the board in a budget of the programs, everything from military spending, with over all medicare and medicaid, over all the food stamp program. it would essentially cut spending by close to five trillion dollars -- $5 trillion over 10 years to balance the budget. that would eliminate the deficit
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in the year 2023. democrats have put forth a proposal that would reduce the budget and not balanced the budget recombination of raising taxes by getting rid of unspecified tax loopholes and cutting spending in areas like farm subsidies and making changes to programs like medicare. democrats are pushing forward with their plan in the senate, republicans in the house, but right now there is no bipartisan plan emerging. we are in the slow, methodical budget reconciliation process where we will have to wait and see if bipartisan talks emerge. from "the wall street journal" moderate senate democrats that will play a role in the budget negotiations. the editorial writers begin with these words. bring the church bells and some white smoke
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host: it spells out some of the specifics in the patty murray plan. guest: we went through a crazy four years with the economy, the financial crisis, then the deficit nearly blew out. democrats are finally trying to get back in regular order in the senate. max baucus is an interesting figure, not part of the budget process, but the can and do any tax or intimate changes to programs like medicare without going through his senate finance committee. so he is sitting back and when you for these issues to come to him. he has been some tax reform hearings in the finance committee. he will certainly be one to watch as the process moves forward. host: the editorial talk about the politics.
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democrats only need 51 votes to pass a budget outline. we cannot wait to see which ones get lined up as potential sacrifices. host: the question is, they need 51 votes. they control 55, and can let a couple people go? republicans are struggling with the same issue. there is a lot of consternation in the house about whether any house republicans should be looking at these bipartisan talks. there is a lot of pressure from the left and right right now on the centrist lawmakers not to accept a deal. host: there is a caricature yesterday, someone reading the romney-ryan budget blueprint. you have congressman ryan coming in and saying, this is the new
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cover, the 2013 budget. essentially, not a big difference between last year's plan and this year. guest: the big difference is defense spending. it is about $100 billion more, romney wanted, from what ryan proposed a few days ago. that makes it easier for ryan to balance the budget by having lower levels of defense spending. if he was at the levels that mitt romney wanted, it would have been impossible to balance over 10 years. host: what about plan put forward by senate democrats and house members? guest: senate democrats won about $1 trillion in tax increases over 10 years. sure republican wilson and would back for them to figure out where those are. the white house wants to limit the value of certain tax breaks that you can take.
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also get ridant to of tax breaks, but they want to get rid of them and then lower tax rates as a substitute. host: the ryan plan takes into account the tax increases already approved by congress. guest: that is right. went intots that effect in january, about $600 billion which would help them balance the budget. the: any surprises from senate budget committee marked yesterday? guest: surprised she was able to hold the line. she could not afford to lose a single democrat. mark warner is a centrist democrat who has talked about bipartisan deals to reduce the deficit. they the senate budget also have to get e sanders. she got both of them. they are on the outer wings of the liberal bloc in the senate.
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now the process moves to the floor where it will be much easier to pass. host: i want to share with you two moments, first, from the senate budget committee, with a focus on the rising debt of increasing over $1 trillion over the last five years, although it will be below this year. this is the exchanges today with senator ron johnson, republican from wisconsin. >> in their debt figure, they include $800 billion, $300 billion that you don't, so that is $1.30 trillion. you have $24.70 trillion. your deficit reduction is $400 billion. until we can agree on basic numbers, how are we ever going to come to agreement in terms of policy differences? she got both of them. >> some of those are policy differences. >> they are not. >> we do not believe we need the disaster money where it is. we build those out of the baseline. the chairman's mark, to what
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senator keane said, what you are getting rid of the 1.2 in the sequester and replacing it, it is laid out in writing how we get to that. >> you want to compare apples to oranges. this is apples to apples. the debt, in 2023, according to cbo baseline, $24.70 trillion, yours is $24.30 trillion. host: amy paletta, what was going on there? confusingis a process. how the measure with the impact of these proposals will be over 10 years? democrats and republicans will be fighting for this for months. the issue people to take away from this is the the democratic plan has tax increases, for sure, a phased in over 10 years. the republican plan has no new tax increases. that is really the flashpoint.
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correct myself. and growing.on and the debt ceiling had been set a certain level. now they have uncapped it until may 16. the government can continue to burn as much debt as they need to finance the government through may, and that a couple more months, as they use a murder to measures at the treasury department, but we will close -- we will be close to $7 trillion by the end of the year. host: you can contact us here or send usc-span.org a tweet to twitter.com/cspanwj. the house has passed a budget resolution through the committee, no problem. then it will go to the senate floor, their budget resolution. both of these things will be happening next week.
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i think there will be more interest on the house side. the republican caucus in the house is a little less predictable, let's put it that way, than the senate democratic groups. if they can keep this budget resolution and get it through the house floor, then we can begin the process where the senate democrats and house republicans meet in conference and try to iron out the differences. that will be difficult but the process that needs to take place if they want to get a budget deal this year. host: the senate democratic plan raises taxes on the wealthy and businesses. house republican plan that eliminates the affordable care act. is even likely to happen? repealing the affordable care act -- guest: repealing the affordable care i've seen as tough as the president have to sign off on it. they could make changes to the law, i am not going to rule out the possibility, on the tax increases side. it is hard to tell.
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speaker boehner made clear that they are still -- they are definitely not willing to accept new taxes. mitch mcconnell in the senate has in the same thing. the democrats insist that that must be in any deal. we will have to wait to see if one side flanges or if they come up with some sort of tax reform mechanism that allows both sides to claim victory. host: that interview is available online. with speaker sits down "the new york times." claim thatfirmed his republicans will not support any additional tax hikes, indicating we already give the president a tax hike. i want to mention this politico had done from this morning. guest: republicans have seized
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the moment. democrats seem to be planning cliff during the fiscal tops. bell americans say, democrats, you have your tax increases, let's focus on spending cuts. republicans seem to be manning them that message -- managing that message well right now. host: our guest is damian paletta this morning. theou are listening on radio, here are the phone lines. 3881.licans, 202-585- democrats, 202-585-3880. $975 billion in targeted cuts with regard to health care, military, other programs. it also raises $975 billion in new revenues from closing " -- closing tax loopholes. $100 billion in stimulus spending focusing on job
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training and infrastructure. house republican plan has $1.80 trillion in savings from the repeal of the health care law. it leaves $1 trillion in automatic cuts as a result of sequestration. it includes $962 billion in cuts from agriculture subsidies and food stamps, reduces money for medicaid and changes to medicare. $800 billion in savings from interest as the debt comes down. $249 billion in discretionary spending cuts. guest: that is right. things to watch our medicare, medicaid, and the tax portion. those tend to be the most polarizing on capitol hill where lawmakers are dug in the most. there is major financial impact with any of this issues if they are changed. one thing that is interesting, we are not talking about social security, possibly the biggest part of the budget. if you try to make changes to the social security, the voter backlash can be of enormous. the white house has tiptoed to
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say they will accept some changes in social security in the way that inflation is measured. democrats have put on the table. host: speaker boehner said that he once the president to give specifics on entitlement reform, where the money will come from. has the would have been made in that area? guest: they have been a little bit vague. they want to get $400 billion in the changes to savings from medicare and medicaid. the have not specified how that would work. we will be watching the week of april 8 when they put forward their new budget for the fiscal year. there will have to be more specific of their tax and spending plans. the: one more point from president as he wraps up three days of meetings on capitol hill. he met with house democrats and told minnesota democrat keith ellison to calm down, republicans will not go along with a tax increase, some do not worry about entitlement reform. i am paraphrasing. guest: 1 in the we have noticed
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in the white house's message, it will not bend over backward for a deal. if they cannot get the tax increases they want, they will walk away and be satisfied with deficit0 trillion in reduction they've already secured. the white house does not seem anxious to do a deal if they cannot get what they want. host: bill is with us from raleigh, north carolina. welcome to the program. thank you. question about these important things you are discussing, trade-offs. sometimes trivial things ring true. one of the people said it would take 51 votes to pass a budget bill in the senate. i thought, maybe 58, 59 would pass. if there was a tie at 50, we have a vice-president who would
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break that tie, unless they have other procedures. could you explain that? isst: one thing that interesting about the process. discussing, trade-offs. sometimes trivial things ring true. one of the people said it would take 51 votes to passyou need 6a filibuster, the resolution does not. you would think, if they had gone with the proposal that patty murray put forward, if they had come with a more bipartisan proposal, this may have been and products sold its down the road. they could get 75 votes, democrats and republicans. they are staying with the democrat-focused bill. it will probably squeak by. house republicans will do the same thing in the house. host: is sequestration here to stay until the end of september? guest: it depends on the impact and how much of a pinch lawmakers feel. we are hearing a lot of agencies, local municipal agencies word about how they will manage the cuts. when the defense furloughs begin in april, that is when we could possibly see a lot more
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consternation about the impact, because there will be a 20% pay cut for a lot of military employees. host: here in the d.c. area, the metro will feel an $800 million cut. no tours to the white house, some potential staff layoffs on capitol hill. guest: it seems like as this process continues, it will be impossible to just a job cuts without major changes. whether that is reduced hours for operation like metro, stop running trains during certain times, obviously, layoffs will have a huge impact on people's ability spend money. maybe that affects economic growth. we do not know what the impact will be. it will take some weeks and months to play out. host: from one of our viewers --
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guest: this has to do with social security and whether it is on or off balance sheet. richmond,b is in virginia. republican line. caller: good morning. this is not what america is about. republicans compromise, tax come the, and sequester in march, democrats would not do any incoming reform. that is not what america is about. 1994, we had bill clinton. we had a republican congress. they were political enemies in we balance the budget with 22 million new jobs, we had a to under $20 billion surplus, and it was a great economy with bipartisanship. it is very silly that obama would not compromise. it is too little too late when he says he wants to compromise now, the sequester has happened.
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i am 12 years old. i do not want to pay off this debt. if we do not do anything about medicare, the benefits are going to stop. we are going to have hyperinflation. host: you answered part of my question because you sound young. we now know that you are up altars old. you were not even here worm -- when bill clinton and the permits were hammered out the budget negotiations. why so interested in this topic as a young age? caller: i got interested in politics two years ago. it started with the affordable care act, obamacare. it.eacher said i interested. i supported mitt romney in the elections, begrudgingly. we really have no conservative movement anymore. we have not had many conservative candidates. john mccain, mitt romney, who were republican by name, but it did not work.
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caller: i am amazed at age 12 -- age 12 youamazed, at sound very smart. jewish i go to a private school in virginia. host: any interest in running for public office down the road? caller: i hope. host: who are your political heroes? caller: new gingrich. i know eric cantor. i go to school with his nephews. michele bachmann. and alec herman cain. host: how did you become so smart on domestic politics? i do: i do not -- caller: not know, i read a lot of articles. voters have of 1/10th of the knowledge that he does, and they can vote. host: when you were called, could you call and and, on
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that? host: you made our morning. thank you. curtis is next from texas. can you talk jacob? cannot!no, i [laughter] and does not make any difference they do, it will come back to the middle-class. it always has, it always will. we will be the one to bail the government out. they let big business go to the cayman islands, they let them put their money over there so they do not have to pay taxes. and yet, they buy other business in the u.s., they buy the smaller businesses, and we will end up with one big corporation and we will pay what they want. thank you. i enjoy c-span and watching early every day. guest: curtis raises an excellent point. it is almost impossible to see how they can reduce the deficit
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and restructure these programs over time without having a major impact on the middle-class, both on the taxes they pay and benefits they received, particularly when they turn 66 and retired. almost impossible to see how the middle class can stay away from major changes. host: will we have a budget on time by november 1? guest: that is a good question. this seemed to be picking their fight now. the biggest question right now is the debt ceiling in july and august. that can be the next powder keg. both sides seem to be shying away from a showdown on -- or funding the government. they did not want to risk a government shutdown. that could blow up in the face of both sides. that is a safe bet. that ceiling is a big risk. host: if you are joining us on c-span radio, our guest in damian paletta, who covers the budget and economic policy issues for "the wall street journal." with us on the democratic
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line. caller: can you hear me ok? can hear you just fine. caller: nobody is talking about jobs. we need to be focusing on jobs and cutting the budget. the only we will get out of the situation is people producing in these income and paying taxes. we are worried about cutting back. if you're looking at europe, with their austerity programs, they are going in the hole. we do not much to do that. we want to move forward. we had an election in this country and the american people said that we wanted to go along with a democratic plan to rescue our economy. we are still fighting with republicans about pre-election
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issues, and we should be tried to follow what the american people want. the american people want us to produce jobs and raise taxes to the point where we can balance the deficit, and not cut programs to put this in a position where we were before. i am asking the american people to just -- we cannot do anything. we have to wait until congressional election take place. this we can replace congressional majority and maybe we can get something done. the way things are now, they guest: the american people want abies of government right now. they think that as the best way they are credited compromise on these issues. we might be seeing a bit of it, and jobs markets. are feeling more comfortable being aggressive in hiring. it is amazing that the stock
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market is at an all-time level. it might make you think the economy is getting overheated. time will tell. there seems to be a division between state of the economy, stock markets, and the rest of the economy. host: jacob is creating a lot of interest. let me go back to "the wall street journal," quoting ron johnson -- indicating -- guest: it has been this big divisive issue, democrats want to raise taxes. republicans want them to dick republicans say they just want to freeze taxes for spending. can the democrats did some taxes as part of the deal that the white house accepts?
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we look at what the senate democrats are putting forth and the house republicans. we welcome carl from jacksonville, texas on the republican line. caller: thank you for taking my call. the thing that bothers me about our government is the lack of transparency. we hear so much about how we are when the cut out all of the loopholes but nothing is ever mentioned. i cannot know if they think we are too stupid to understand what those loopholes would be and what they would mean. it's just really frustrates me. cuts, i thinket it should start with the politicians and let them live in government housing like they expect everyone else to that is being helped out by the government. those fancy of
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places to live and if you want to get something done give them food and water and put them in a room together but no showers until they can get this thing ironed out. i know that is pretty drastic but these are drastic times that require drastic measures. everyone would launch on c-span because no one would want to go near the stinky politicians. both parties are being very vague about what loopholes the woodcut. the reason they do that is because they do not wish to say they will eliminate mortgage deduction interests for example, which is popular among homeowners. you might have to make changes to those. they are being careful because they know they would unleash a firestorm of interest groups coming up to the hill.
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host: you can watch the senate budget hearing committees on c- span or. ranking democrat is chris van colorado of maryland. >> the budget calls for dropping cuttingtax rate to 29%, the rate for millionaires by more than one-third will holding other revenues have constant. just last fall the non-partisan to policy center did -- reduce the top tax rate from 35% to 38 -- to 28%. that would inevitably raise the income tax burden on those making under two at thousand dollars per year. this budget proposal, which provides even bigger tax cuts to millionaires, will raise the tax burden on middle income families by an average of $2,000. host: as you listen to the congressman, the lines are
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pretty clearly drawn. is there any room for compromise? guest: we thought both parties could get out of their corners after the election and come to some sort of an agreement. -- the changesee to medicare and medicaid. we have to give a little time to see if it continues because the republicans seem to honestly appreciate his outreach. they are not negotiating, they are suing each other out. it is going to take some time to see if that continues. they do run up against this debt ceiling deadline when the cannot keep talking beyond that point. to have to essentially put some stuff on paper. on theathy is next independent line. good morning. i listen to republicans
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come on and say that is their hawk. it is hawks that serve their purpose because bill clinton balanced the budget back in the '90s. from member you have two republican presidents before that. there was never any mention of balancing the budget. after 2011 there were spending cuts. nobody was discussing alternate revenues. they didn't do all they promised to do. now they say there is no more revenue. now have to deal with more spending. i like your guest to explain to the american people what was cut in 2011 to the spending and why there wasn't any revenue. thet: 2011 came right after 2010 midterm elections, which republicans consider a huge
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sweeping victory. the president didn't have much leverage because he was right up against the debt ceiling and that is why all this -- that is what they accepted the spending cuts and no revenue. one thing he benefited from was the soaring economy. you cannot overstate how much that helps. that brings in all of this tax revenue without having to make major changes to the tax code. that is the soul -- that is something the president hasn't benefited from. host: here is another summary, courtesy of "the new york times," we already talked about sequestration but they pointed out on additional spending cuts, "under the democratic plan, there are none. under the republican plan, 1.8 trillion dollars in repealing the health care law. the democrats proposing $100 billion in new stimulus spending.
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republicans propose no spending. there is this on social security -- the democrats, no changes. the republicans requiring the president and congress to submit plans increasing the trust fund. guest: security has enough money tocontinue full benefits 2036 with 10,000 people turning 65 everyday and the number of people entering this program and continue to accept far more benefits than they have paid out, there is going to come a time when changes have to be made to social security. the sooner you make the changes the less dramatic they are going to be down the road. reticence onl inside. from georgia, democrat's
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line. caller: i want to say thank you for taking my call. i want to give some revisionist history to the young man from virginia. i've watched you be the host for a long time. there were no votes for this budget. i am from georgia and i know newt gingrich did not cooperate with president clinton. when that vote came down i remember just like it was tested day, al gore broke the boat. he broke the tie as to the budget. republicans did not cooperate any more than they were with bill clinton than they are with obama. there was no cooperation. during the campaign, everyone wanted to revise history.
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bill clinton has got no more president obama is getting. let us get it right. i hope we move on. one more thing before we move on. i am a retired firefighter. we over adjusted for this budget. the sequester is not going to hurt us. we adjusted to it. we will survive this thing. thank you so much. host: the mall for the call. guest: he raises good points. the clinton administration -- everyone acts like it was a lot of bipartisanship. they had several government
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shutdowns turn to clinton and attrition and they had a debt ceiling fight that made this one look like child's play. that went on for months. bob rubin had to be creative to the point where he said republicans were breaking the law and how he was buying time on the debt ceiling. there was brinkmanship. the lesson to learn from that was that this stuff is very hard. these are real issues that are right to the heart and minds of americans all over the country. we cannot expect them to just walk away from their principles and beliefs because they want a better deal. host: the bottom line is that president clinton and house republicans did put forward a balanced budget in the last three-four years. surpluse was a budget for george w. bush.
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guest: a lot of it had to do with the.com boom at the time. they make changes to welfare and other spending programs in a way that eliminated the deficit. it was something that was incredibly hard to do. from twitter -- the budget now passing the budget senate committee. michael is joining us from virginia, republican line. good morning. caller: my comment is in response to many of your callers to, and this morning, particularly to the gentleman from maryland who mentioned that voters last election voted for the democratic way of fixing our economy.
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i honestly think this is inaccurate. many americans are one issue of voters. what this administration has very carefully and successfully done was dividing the country. othere the latinos and communities voting for this program. you have the gay and other communities voting for their gay marriage issue. successfully dividing the country, that won the election for president barack obama in my opinion. if someone wants to watch too -- look to a true measure of the successful steps of the obama administration have done to our economy does look at the election of 2010. republicans regained scenes in a way that has not been done in 50 years.
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people are not very happy about this far left liberal that is leading us to this -- to destruction. thank you from the call. just a point about the clinton budget, i know the difference about this debt crisis and when bill clinton was in office our economy was not as fragile. guest: we have had external shocks with the situation in europe and japan. we're still recovering from a financial crisis. the unemployment is still very high. that does make a lot harder to focus on austerity and reducing the deficit when you have so many people out of work. they cannot pay their taxes, they are holding back the full recovery. host: press secretary j conti credit for a charge the said a percentage of the gdp, the debt is lower than it was when barack obama first took office.
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what was he referring to? guest: it was the debt or deficit, possibly. yearbly the year to deficit. in 2010 the deficit was 1.4 trillion dollars. that is the gap between government spending. this year we are expecting $860 billion. 546% of gdp. or 6% of gdp. the spending reductions that both parties have been active since 2011 -- the line host: our last call comes from nebraska, good morning. good morning. i am listening to all of these
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people calling in. i want to tell everyone that i used to be a democrat. the problem i see now is that all of the states that are run cannot balance the budget. they are considering a gutsy. the republicans have their problems too. that whenot realize they hear millions, billions, and trillions. there is a difference. goes by ineconds less than twelves -- in less than 12 days. 1 billion seconds takes 30 years to go away. and one trillion seconds will go
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back to the stone age in the 29,718. if people cannot understand that we are going to be just like europe. host: will get a response. guest: the states have been really desperate, particularly california. we are seeing states make a lot of progress. virginia is doing very well. california has a lot of progress in their fiscal situation. both democrats and republicans have different strategies. that is something lawmakers on capitol hill are one to watch. what can they learn from? what didn't work that they should avoid? host: with the republican plan announced by congressman paul ryan and now the democratic plan -- are these votes starting points for each prospective party on how they move forward or are they purely political
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documents that will be used against one another in 2014? guest: i think they are starting point. paul ryan has moved his proposal from what it had been. indidn't say it was his line the sand. democrats declined we to see what president obama proposes. they seem to be earnestly willing to negotiate in the negotiations but the opposite production. reduction.ficit host: his work is available online at wsj.com. thank you for joining us. coming up, america but the numbers. today we are going to focus on many families -- mental health and drug use among america's young people, teenagers, preteens and young adult. what it means for families and
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health-care providers and what some of the signs are. " continues journal in a moment. >> the simple fact is we are all getting older together and we are not the same -- our fertility rates have dropped dramatically and we are beginning to have an inverted pyramid that makes our challenges, as it relates to entitlement and social security, even greater. slow developing country have, for decades, low fertility rates. japan and europe particularly. china is starting to feel the impact of its one child policy.
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we are better off than the rest of the world. unlike most of the world we have to deal withe way this demographic time bomb. the path that we can take is to allow for a strategic reform of our immigration laws so we can bring young aspirational people that will rebuild the demographic pyramid to make our entitlements system secure and jump-start our economy in a way that will directly impact economic growth. >> u.s. economic growth and immigration policy. former flutter -- former florida gov. jeb bush on booktv this weekend on c-span2.
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not paying public is aboution to is there is 10 million people, the people who watched c-span, fox news, msnbc, cnn. voters.30 million most people get a lot of what is going on in politics is background noise from the mainstream media. people forming an opinion of romney and obama -- fox news doesn't reach most of those people. it has a loyal audience.
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o'reilly," gets 3 million people per night. barnes sundayth fred night at 8. >> "washington journal" continues. here to help as to the discussion is peter delany. good morning. and colonel elspeth cameron ritchie. he is a veteran of the u.s. army. thank you for being with us. let us talk about how big of a
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problem is it? guest: the problem of mental illness is a huge one. especially in young adults or late teenager is you see presentations of manic depressive disorder, also known as bipolar. you see schizophrenia and depression. busey a lot of substance abuse. the interplay is especially problematic. host: we are dividing our phone lines to attract those of you who are interested in this issue. if you are a parent or teacher, the number to call is202-585- 3880. if you're in the mental health field, the number to call is 202-585-3881. for all others the number is 202-585-3882.
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you conducted a survey that had 30,000 respondents. what did you learn? youth 12-17 continue to have substantial rates of major depressive episodes. 25 havedults 18 to reported rates of mental illness, suicidal thoughts, and substance abuse. is co occurring dependence pretty significant. the other thing we found that stood out when we pulled the slides for the study is that the mills are still more likely to report mental illness than males are. host: at what age should be with legs begin to go up for parents, counselors, teachers? guest: it is hard to say a specific age. mantle of this can present any time in the life cycle.
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but we are doing is we are recognizing even in children more. certainly the early teens is when you often see difficulties that are emerging. the teens is often when people are starting to use substances. one of the tremendous problems here in d.c. and across the nation is the merging of these new synthetic marijuana as and amphetamines known as k2, or spice, or bath salts. sometimes these are precipitating what may be underneath all ready. we see psychosis with the use of the substances. host: of the span of eight years you have looked at the age is between seve12 and 17. guest: what we saw was a rate of 13.3% of females and 5% of males reported having symptoms
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of a major depressive episode at least once in their lifetime. by 2011 we are seeing that females have dropped to 12.1 and the mails to 4.5. a significant drop for females from 2005. for males it is not a significant change. there are still some stability in those numbers. it is still quite high. that is a fair chunk of the 17 year-old population. host: what these numbers tell you? guest: they tell us it is politically important to screen, recognize, and treat mental illness in teenagers and young adults. this has been an overlooked population. we are doing more and more with school mental-health programs. that is a really important component. if you are having difficulties being treated before a child's suicide -- host: we will go back to the issue of suicide. this chart gives you a sense of
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young people in america and the relatively high rate of serious mental illness. 18 or older with the rates are among men and women. it begins to stabilize in midlife. why the drop for older people? the things we are charting is that it is starting people. for older this is true of all of the behavioral health problems. have a5 years olds
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myriad of problems. these of the groups that report the highest level of drug kills -- of drug use. how you correlate serious mental health and violence? guest: serious mental health issues, which is usually either schizophrenia or manic depression, can have posttraumatic stress disorder and depression but those are less correlated with violence. what you often have is severe psychotic disorders. difficulties in thinking, hearing voices, having dilutions. those can be associated with violence. it does not mean these people are more likely to go out into a shooting. it is usually disorganized violence that might be walking out into the street and urinating. it might be taking a swing is somebody. we certainly see the slow level
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of violence in our patients with severe mental illness. here in washington d.c. we have a large homeless population. severe mental illness. host: earlier this month epilogue was titled -- a blog was titled, "thinking the unthinkable." she said -- of what shetion told the house committee. >> he is not a bad kid and neither are the millions of other children that have mental disorders in this country.
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we continue to manage mental illness through the criminal but did it through the criminal justice system. the only way loving parents can get access to much-needed services is by having their children charged with a crime. my son michael entered the juvenile justice system just one month after his 11th birthday. while on probation he received an array of social services, including therapy and psychosocial rehabilitation. once he completed his probation those services went away. i thought those the only mother in america who is living in this kind of fear. i learned i am far from alone. parents like me live in all kinds of fear. we live in fear of stigma. my child may be bullied for being different. 'sll i be blamed for my child explosive behavior?
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we live in fear of that unpredictable behavior. host: that is the story of liza long. the fear family is facing and the reality of political budget cuts. guest: my heart goes out to her and to parents with severe -- parents of children with severe mental illness. there are good organizations out there. it certainly is an issue at times. statems of budget cuts, governments all of the country are being hit by budget cuts both by the sequestration and prior budget cuts. they often do take out social services. in washington d.c. we are relatively lucky. we provide a lot of services. she taught at the interaction of
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the criminal-justice system. it is true that many with mental illness to become part of the criminal justice system. we are doing a lot with the criminal justice system in order to try to keep people out of it, such as teaching officers how to work with the mentally ill. are mental health diversion courts and other things to do. her story was very poignant in that the only way she could get services was having a son in the criminal justice system. host: she is now the chief medical officer for the d.c. department of mental health and peter delany, associated with the mental and substance abuse administration.
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us from newing york. good morning. caller: good morning. i have two points. what are the effective strategies to reduce teen drug use? i know about the d.a.r.e. program isn't effective. they use scare tactics. is there a healthy way to use drugs? it seems that people have only been invested in some type of substance or alcohol or natural drug. does the experts have a sense on a normal healthy way that this might be used? host: let me turn to dr.
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delany. when the track and substance- abuse -- guest: what we are seeing is this is the overlay between major depressive episodes and substance dependence. factor.u see is a high ere is aally says ther eis correlation. essentially you're seeing the interaction of two kinds of problems, mental-health and drug independence. one can lead to the other and sometimesleads to -- they are just the way they
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happen. sometimes people become mentally ill and they try to medicate. or sometimes they start medicating themselves or something but it can lead to a minor and serious problem later. host: do you want to respond? guest: his question is a great one. how can we keep kids from taking drugs? we have been trying to do that for 50 years now. one of the things we have to do is talk about drugs, and especially these newer agents that i mentioned. they are so the goal in the beni places and often people do not realize how serious the consequences can be. i feel like a lot of people who come in with psychosis -- he points out you cannot just scare kids away. people will not believe you. to the first question i think i would be the drugs are. in terms of the second part of
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it, is there a healthy way to use medication? in general i would say no. p is notoriously bad. next we will go to belinda in arkansas. what kind of nurse are you? caller: i am a practical nurse. thank you for taking my call. found working in the mental- health field that a lot of the treatment that our patients are getting are not effective. isy are brought in -- this something that needs to be addressed. it seems the doctors and
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administration of these hospitals are only interested in keeping these patients just for the insurance they can get out of them. they are not interested in treating them and getting them the right medications for the problems. at the way i see these patients come in and even get worse with the treatment. there sis this whole system of mental treatment in hospitals and all the different areas that needs to be improved. they need to stop worrying about making so much money and get down to taking care of these people again.
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it just breaks my heart. host: let me ask you, based on your experience what needs to be done to successfully treat these mentally ill patients? looking for ism for them to really take these patients and get down to the basics of how this started with them. is there problems in the family itself? get some of these kids out of these families where there are no parenting skills -- where the parents do not care and they are on drugs. it has to do with the family itself. for the older people who literally have been sick for
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many years -- the system is so broken. they need to go back to the basics. host: let me get your response and then we will talk about the numbers. guest: there are a number of things i could respond to. our treatments are not perfect. that has improved dramatically over the last 30 years. there are new santa 8 -- new into a psychotic agents. all of these medications have side effects. we do need to work on the improvement of treatment. medications and psychotherapy -- there are new or complementary alternative treatments out there. more research dollars to get there. another thing she said about blaming the parents -- i think we have to be very careful there.
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parents for years felt they were responsible for the child hospital illness. what we are seeing is this combination of genes and environment. it is not the parents' fault. by and large i do not want to be planning to parents. mental illness is pernicious, it is common, and it is treatable. we will explain that the red is male, the blue is female. care, look at outpatient inpatient care, education, and medical, please explain these numbers. by far the largest is outpatient care. that is followed by education.
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you often see a combination of all of these together. outpatient is still preferable approach. there is inpatient mental health treatment. there are other things that are happening. there are a full list of about 20. the other thing to pay attention to in this numbers -- you are seeing females for education and counseling are getting a little bit more. it is not a significant difference in these charts. thatnk the important thing we know is that this is being provided by a number of different places. we have social workers in the community. we also have psychiatrists and psychologists. there is a large number of professionals from the different
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deals providing these types of services. host: if you are just turning in our listening to c-span radio, today we are looking at the issue of mental health and drug use. our next call is mary from -- good morning. a lot of what is not -- g addressed is that what percentage is have you found contribute? i think it is a high percentage. teachers and counselors will need to have better support in
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dealing with that? i cannot tell you how many counselors i have come across. i am going to have dr. ritchie respond to your calls specifically. one of the charts looks at outpatient. and numbers for are the adults 18 and older. what we have here is looking at of these kinds of care that are provided for adults. adults are1.5% of receiving medication. p a t a 32 million people receiving some kind of care for
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their mental illness. host: does that number surprise you? guest: it does not. mental illness is very common. oft prevalence rates are 20% the population for depression alone. the stigma around mental illness is still quite strong. the more people who are getting to treatment -- depression especially is a very treatable illness, as is posttraumatic stress disorder. the more people that can be screened and intervene early can be the better. host: what percent of mental health issues are related to alcohol or drug use? guest: i will just say a lot. color out say the occurrence of middle of this and substance-abuse is
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significance. for the youth did a much more likely to have a depressive episode diagnosis if you are also dependent on substances. sometimes substance abuse may come first and it may trigger an underlying disorder and it may lead to depression or some other illness. in other cases people may start having problems early on and self medicate. harmonist joining us from california. good morning korea -- good morning. i have been following this for 15 years. -- theber of congressmen number of contributions from
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the mental health industry is incredibly high. they have created a ponzi scheme to milk the congress of its funds. if you ask the victims of mental health if they have been cured the majority of them have not. the young children have committed these crimes are shooting other people, have been on psychotropic drugs. this mental health industry must be brought about. guest: a lot of points in there, some of which i do not agree with at all. i think that by and large people in mental health are trying very hard to try to store and make people's lives better.
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violence people with severe mental disorders are more likely to commit violence. .t tends to be lower level we have heard of the shootings that do seem to be in committed by a delusional believes. delusional police can be dangerous. that comes to the necessity of picking them up and treating them before they go out and do these horrendous acts. leg orf you break a become sick and you're feeling better after the bone is healed you can see the result. when it comes to mental health, how you measure a cure rate? guest: we do not track a cure rate, especially with serious mental illness. dot we do try to track is
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people do better? other symptoms reduced? are they able to function more effectively? are they able to be with their families so are they mitt taking their medication? there is not as a surly a cure rate but what we see is people getting into treatment and helping them recover their lives. we treat people with diabetes or hypertension. we do not cure that necessarily. we do try to reduce people's wait. peoplere often diseases live with for the rest of their lives. we teach them to take their medication, to exercise. and keep their health better and keep them functioning for logger. we do not track cure rates. in substance use we see the same thing. we cannot attract or rates
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retract recovery. track cure rates, we track recovery. host: marked from the no. virginia, good morning. as a parent i think our country is -- we have two experts there with you this morning. last gentleman who called from new jersey, this is a gentleman at the grassroot level. he said some things that i know to be true. the person from arkansas touched on some key institutes.
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this seems to be the key disconnect. the ones to live with it every single day see some plausible issues with it. dr. ritchie, you mentioned that it is the environment. as a parent i realized that it is my responsibility to try to garner and control the environment in which my children live. host: had even successful on that part? caller: i get a lot of compliments from the school system. youe quite honest with
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there is also a social issue when it comes to ethnicity. host: what is your advice to other parents? caller: here is my advice. all of my children are doing super in school. what hurts my heart is when i see other children who are being theirchanged only because parents aren't as involved as me and my wife. we were at a local basketball tournament where a fan of mine -- a friend of mine was the principle of a title once school. out of all of those schools in northern virginia, his school won the number one road -- number one award for a reading
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program competition. the two top leaders would have been identified as problem children. they were the two top leaders. host: thank you for sharing your story. guest: you are a great parent. i appreciate it. that is the key thing we found in looking at research and families is that when the kid says their parent is involved, when the kid says the apparent to some positive messages, when the kid says the parent says, "i cannot approve of drugs," they do much better. are ak that parents critical component of all of recovery. when things go bad and kids start to have problems, it usually does not come on -- it
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is not a button that flips on. they become challenged as well. sometimes there are parents that have problems of their own. we believe need to be paying attention to screening people early. everybody needs to be part of the solution to this problem. it is not just parents or the mental health system. it is the school, churches, everybody part of the system trying to provide some sense where the kids and to young attention and have someplace to go. host: another set of numbers, and the mental and illness -- any mental illness from 18 to older, in a 30%. guest: that is 45.6 million
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people. that is not only serious mental illness such as bipolar and six -- bipolar and schizophrenic it is also a major depressive episodes and anxiety disorders. the thing you're pointing out that is striking is that almost 30% of adults 18 to 25 are having some problems with any kind of mental illness. it is a combination of seriousness of l.f. -- of serious mental illness. our next caller is from pennsylvania. caller: good morning. i want to bring up one factor have not discussed yet.
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pregnant between ages 16 and 25, i want to ask about the pay from single-parent households. host: what have you seen in your experiences? caller: 90% came from single- parent households with history of emotional and physical abuse. it is conditional because of their environment. many mothers get kicked out of their house. they have problems getting on food stamps. he and the thing is i want to know the percentage of those that are sexually active. about how manyk
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people are experiencing depression because of their theirty -- because of sexual activity. host: thank you for putting those issues on the table. there is rich literature showing higher rates of depression in people who are -- thet, postpartum postpartum can be severely severe. that is a combination of hormones and other stresses going on. we also know that is an area where you can intervene. a little invention goes a long way in terms of the mother and baby. if you treat the depression, both the mother and the baby to a lot better.
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depression often leads to a suicide or suicidal thoughts. guest: what we have found is that 8.5% of adults 18 and older -- i am sorry, 8.5 million. older hadn of 18 or serious thoughts of suicide in the last year. dc adults 18 to 25, those numbers are much larger. population that has a lot of compared of problems. about one. two million -- about 1.2 million actually attempted suicide. i would say there is an occurring problem here. people who are using drugs --
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there is a co occurrence of suicidal thoughts. your i am going to keep thoughts. from maryland -- caller: has anyone taken a look between the relationship and how the society has stripped the children from their youth? we had someup camps, music programs, other things to keep the kids occupied. wife tried to struggle with summer camp, which is only a week. we have taken the youth away from these children host: you put an important issue on the table and we will give you time to respond. guest: 1 of the things we are seeing is a much more reliance form. per se seeing less of the
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socialist committee -- of the social community support. is that good or bad? i do not think we know yet. i have kids and they are very connected digitally. i think it has some pros and cons to it. host: our final chart dealing with the present episodes. -- with depressive episodes. guest: this is major depression in the last year. what you're seeing is that females have a higher level. we are talking about 15.2 million people per year report that they have a major depressive episode at least once in the last year. one of the questions i am always looking at is why are we females recording -- why are females reporting at a higher rate?